Assessing EU–Mediterranean policies in the manufacturing industry from a bottom-up perspective: The case of Egypt


  • Jean-Yves MOISSERON
  • Selma FAZZANI
  • Khaled GUESMI


Egypt, Europe, Exports-imports, FDI, Government reforms, Manufacturing industry.


This work provides an in-depth overview of Egypt’s manufacturing industry. For a long time, Egypt has sought a selective and state-directed
industrial policy, which, coupled with a host of socio-economic problems, has prevented it from recovering from its protracted economic crisis and
liberalizing its economy. The purpose of this article is, on the one hand, to scrutinize the Egyptian manufacturing sector from different perspectives.
On the other hand, the paper seeks to analyze how Egypt’s attempts to restructure its economy correlate with European policies.